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Resources

GNI' publications and statements on issues of privacy, freedom of expression, and human rights are sorted by topic and can be found on our Issues page. For the latest from GNI, see News

GNI Submission to UN Special Rapporteur on the Protection and Promotion of the Right to Freedom of Expression and Opinion

Date: 
Tuesday, February 17, 2015 - 14:34

GNI Encryption SubmissionGNI submitted comments for the report that the Special Rapporteur on the protection and promotion of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, is preparing on the legal framework governing the relationship between freedom of expression and the use of encryption and other technologies to transact and communicate securely online. 

Read the submission.

Data Beyond Borders: Mutual Legal Assistance in the Internet Era

Date: 
Thursday, January 29, 2015 - 08:08

The Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) regime—which consists of hundreds of bilateral and multilateral treaties that regulate government-to-government requests for user data—has struggled to keep up with the enormous number of requests for digital evidence arising from global Internet services. A report by the Global Network Initiative, “Data Beyond Borders: Mutual Legal Assistance in the Internet Era,” outlines key principles and specific reforms to drive a human rights-based approach to MLA reform for the twenty-first century.

“When mutual legal assistance does not function swiftly and fairly, governments resort to other tactics such as demanding data localization or attempting to apply their laws extraterritorially,” says report author Andrew K. Woods, assistant professor of law at the University of Kentucky. He added, “It is therefore critical that states work together to make mutual legal assistance more efficient and more protective of human rights. This is not an impossible task: states that are serious about reforming MLA can implement many of the most-urgent reforms in the next year.”

The report recommends that states work together to create a secure electronic system for managing MLA requests, increase staffing for MLA issues, and conduct thorough trainings at all levels of law enforcement to ensure that MLA requests are generated and processed as efficiently as possible and in a way that respects international human rights.

Read the report.

Watch the report launch event at CSIS.

Read the blog post about the report at Just Security.

 

GNI Submission to UK Investigatory Powers Review

Date: 
Friday, October 10, 2014 - 16:03

GNI submitted evidence to the UK government review of communications and interception powers by David Anderson QC, Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation. 

Specifically, we recommend that the UK government:

  • Develop reform proposals for lawful interception and communications data that would serve as a worthy model for other countries to adopt, mindful that policy and legislation in the UK is often emulated by governments in the Commonwealth and around the world. 
  • Halt the bulk collection of content and communications data from providers, and bring all data collection programmes, for law enforcement and national security purposes, under the auspices of an independent oversight regime.
  • Prioritize Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) reforms to manage challenges around cross-border data requests, rather than asserting extraterritorial jurisdiction over data controlled outside the UK.
  • Adopt a robust set of transparency provisions that enable public understanding of the scope of interception and communications data powers, policies, and practices.
  • Broadly consult with industry, civil society organizations, and other key stakeholders to aid in the development of policy options for public debate, informed by human rights impact assessments.

Read the full submission.

Closing the Gap: Indian Online Intermediaries and a Liability System Not Yet Fit for Purpose

Date: 
Tuesday, March 25, 2014 (All day)

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) released a report, “Closing the Gap: Indian Online Intermediaries and a Liability System Not Yet Fit for Purpose,” prepared by Copenhagen Economics, which found that online platforms that support user-generated content can become an important part of India’s Internet economy and contribute approximately INR 2.49 lakh crore (USD 41 Billion) by 2015—in addition to the contribution of other elements of the Internet economy. 

This would mean that two years from now their GDP contribution may increase to more than 1.3 per cent, provided that the current legal liability regime is improved. Additionally, the positive productivity effects of online intermediaries will be significant—creating an even greater impact in India in areas like e-sales and e-procurement compared to their impact in Europe or the US.

Read the report here

Read the executive summary here

 

Public Report on the Independent Assessment Process for Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo

Date: 
Wednesday, January 8, 2014 - 09:00

Report Executive Summary available in ArabicChineseFrenchRussian, and Spanish.

The Global Network Initiative today released a public report on the independent assessments of founding companies Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo. The assessments looked at cases of government requests implicating the rights of Internet users, and found that each company is making a good faith effort to implement GNI’s Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy, and to improve over time.

“These independent assessments—the first of their kind—present a major step forward on human rights accountability in the technology sector,” said GNI Board Chair Jermyn Brooks. “They demonstrated in the many specific cases examined how companies, applying the GNI Principles, have in fact been able to limit the removal of content and the release of personal data as a result of government requests,” he continued.

The assessments focused on products and services that in the company’s view posed the most salient risks to freedom of expression and privacy—search, email, and photo and video sharing services—with cases identified through a process that included consultation with GNI’s non-company members. The report presents information in aggregate or anonymized form in order to allow public disclosure of how the companies review and respond to government requests without disclosing confidential information. The report also details examples of the recommendations made by the assessors to one or more companies. The process did not and cannot determine whether the companies have acted appropriately with respect to each of the many thousands of requests received each year from governments.

Read the report.

Pages

Encryption and Human Rights Online

GNI welcomes the report to the Human Rights Council by David Kaye, UN Special Rapporteur for freedom of expression, on encryption, anonymity and digital communications.
Date: 
Mon, 06/15/2015 - 16:51

Video: Data Beyond Borders Report Launch

Join us on January 28 for the launch of a new report commissioned by GNI to address the growing demand from law enforcement agents for access to data subject to another country’s jurisdiction.
Date: 
Mon, 02/02/2015 - 16:14

2014 Learning Forum on Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age - Geneva

On December 1, 2014, the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue and GNI held the second of their two Joint Learning Forums for the year 2014.
Date: 
Tue, 12/09/2014 - 16:42

Video: Surveillance Reforms: Toward Transparency and Accountability

Date: 
Tue, 04/29/2014 - 14:53


At the meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition in Tallinn, Estonia, GNI organized a session with the Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT) on surveillance reforms and transparency: 

Video: The Role of Human Rights Impact Assessments in Advancing Rights Online

Date: 
Mon, 04/28/2014 - 14:46


At the meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition in Tallinn, Estonia, GNI organized a session with the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue on Human Rights Impact Assessments in the ICT sector: 

Video: Mark Stephens on the 'Right to Be Forgotten' Ruling

Date: 
Fri, 05/30/2014 - 14:59


GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens discusses the EU Court of Justice ruling on BBC World: 

Video: New Frontiers of Open Government

Date: 
Fri, 11/01/2013 - 11:00

At the Open Government Summit in London, GNI Board Chair Jermyn Brooks joined a panel on the next-generation challenges governments and civil society must face in advancing the open government agenda globally.

Event Recap: 2013 Learning Forum in Brussels

The Global Network Initiative and the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue held their first joint Learning Forum in Brussels, Belgium, presenting an opportunity to share perspectives on current challenges facing freedom of expression and privacy.
Date: 
Tue, 11/26/2013 - 09:49

Video: GNI and the Telecom Industry Dialogue

Interview with Susan Morgan, Executive Director of the GNI and Patrik Hiselius, Chair of the Industry Dialogue and Senior Advisor, TeliaSonera.
Date: 
Fri, 05/31/2013 - 11:13

Pages

GNI Responds to GCHQ in the Financial Times

In reaction to the Financial Times op-ed by Richard Hannigan, Director of GCHQ, GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens wrote this letter to the editor, "Need to intrude must be demonstrated, not merely asserted" published November 5:

 

Date: 
Wed, 11/05/2014 - 07:30

Op-Ed: Privacy Since Snowden

A year has passed since the American former intelligence contractor Edward J. Snowden began revealing the massive scope of Internet surveillance by the US National Security Agency.

Date: 
Wed, 06/18/2014 - 15:02

Op-Ed: Only the Powerful Will Benefit from the 'Right to Be Forgotten'

Last week's judgment by the European court of justice allowing anyone to demand that a search engine should remove unwanted information from its index – even if it is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere – is a dangerous step in the wrong direction.
Date: 
Mon, 05/19/2014 - 09:28

Pages

Annual Reports & Newsletters

2014 Annual Report

Date: 
Mon, 06/22/2015 - 11:15

GNI's 2014 Annual Report describes the initiative's work on freedom of expression and privacy during the past year.

Download the report.  

2013 Annual Report

Date: 
Mon, 05/05/2014 - 00:01


The Global Network Initiative 2013 Annual Report charts the initiative’s progress protecting free expression and privacy in the ICT sector during the past year.

Download the report.  

2012 Annual Report


In the past year the Global Network Initiative put its principles into action, harnessing the power of its diverse membership—companies, civil society organizations, investors, and academics—to advance freedom of expression and privacy rights worldwide.

Download the report

External resources

External Resources

The Principles set out by the Global Network Initiative are founded on internationally recognized laws and standards for human rights. The following are the core international norms on which the Initiative's documents are based.
 
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
 
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Other Resources

OECD Guidelines on Multinational Enterprises, updated 25 May 2011

Frank La Rue Special Report on the right to freedom of opinion and expression (pdf) 16 May 2011

Protect, Respect, and Remedy: a Framework for Business and Human Rights (pdf) 7 April 2008

Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations Protect, Respect, and Remedy Framework (pdf) 21 March 2011

Joint Declaration on Freedom of Expression and the Internet issued by the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the Organization for Security and Co-operation (OSCE) Representative on Freedom of the Media, and the Organization of American States (OAS) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information.

UNESCO, "Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet" 1 June 2011

Participant Resources

Resources from GNI Participants

Here you can find news, research, and data analysis on privacy and free expression online from our wide-ranging participants

Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California

New Media and Technology Research Page

Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University

Projects, Research, and News

Boston Common Asset Management

Sustainability and Engagement

Calvert Group

Sustainable and Responsible Investing

Center for Democracy & Technology

Global Internet Freedom

Centro de Estudios en Libertad de Expresión

Freedom of Expression Research

Right of Access to Information

Committee to Protect Journalists 

CPJ Internet Channel

Domini Social Investments LLC

Human Rights

Electronic Frontier Foundation

"Our Work"

F&C Asset Management

Engagement Programmes

Folksam

International Cooperation

Google Inc.

Transparency Report

Human Rights First

Internet Freedom and Privacy

Business and Human Rights

Human Rights in China

Technology and Human Rights

Human Rights Watch

Business and Human Rights

Internet Freedom

Internews

Global Issues: Internet access

Microsoft Corp.

Microsoft Security Intelligence Report

Corporate Citizenship Report

Rebecca MacKinnon

New America Foundation

Global Voices Advocacy

Trillium Asset Management

Trillium's Approach to Socially Responsible Investing

United Nations Special Representative to the Secretary-General on Business & Human Rights (observer status)

Technology, Telecom, and Electronics

University of California, Berkeley School of Information

Current Research

Websense

Websense Policy on Government-Imposed Censorship

World Press Freedom Committee

WPFC Publications

Yahoo! Inc.

Yahoo! Business and Human Rights Program