Error message

  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2040 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2050 of /home/globalne/public_html/includes/common.inc).
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Issues

The Global Network Initiative publishes statements and resources on a regular basis to highlight trends and issues of concern for all stakeholders in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector. As a multi-stakeholder initiative, GNI draws on the collective expertise of our members and on our cumulative experience in the global implementation of the GNI Principles. 

GNI Letter to EU MEPs on Radicalization Report

Monday, November 23, 2015 - 13:40

On November 18, 2015, GNI Submitted a letter to EU MEPs expressing GNI concerns about the "Report on Prevention of Radicalisation and Recruitment of European Citizens by Terrorist Organisations", which later passed the EU Parliament. 

While GNI acknowledges the legitimate national security and law enforcement obligations of governments, the recommendations of the report "may lead to policies that could oblige intermediaries to proactively monitor and police the information and ideas they transmit." These policies can chill freedom of expression by incentivizing carriers and conduits of information to restrict the use of their services. 

International human rights law provides that any restriction on the right to freedom of expression must be provided for by law, must be proportionate, and must be done in pursuit of a legitimate aim. Read the full report for more.

GNI Briefs the U.S. Helsinki Commission on Internet Freedom

Date: 
Friday, March 4, 2016 - 11:24

On Thursday, March 3, 2016, GNI Director of Policy and Learning Lisl Brunner presented to the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (U.S. Helsinki Commission) at a briefing titled “Internet Freedom in the Age of Dictators and Terrorists.”

In her statement, Brunner outlined GNI’s efforts to support responsible information and communications technology (ICT) company decision making, foster corporate accountability, engage policymakers, and provide a safe space for members to share learning on complex issues.

Brunner illustrated the positive impact of these efforts on privacy and freedom of expression online. “The GNI’s independent assessment process has yielded tangible changes and improvements in [ICT] company policies and practices,” including “the adoption of human rights impact assessments and the development of enhanced company transparency with customers, users and the wider public.”

Additionally, she noted, “The application of GNI principles has reduced the amount of content removed and personal data released as a result of government requests,” and the GNI has “successfully encouraged governments to increase transparency and public debate around their surveillance laws, policies and practices.”

GNI academic member and director of the Ranking Digital Rights project at New America, Rebecca MacKinnon, also briefed the Helsinki Commission.

The Global Network Initiative is an international multi-stakeholder organization that brings together information and communications technology companies, civil society (including human rights and press freedom groups), academics and investors to work together to forge a common approach to protecting and advancing free expression and privacy around the world. GNI members commit to, and are independently assessed on GNI principles and guidelines for responding to government requests that could harm the freedom of expression and privacy rights of users.

For media inquires, please contact Kath Cummins, kcummins@globalnetworkinitiative.org.

 

GNI speaks at UN meeting on how to stem flow of Foreign Terrorist Fighters

Date: 
Thursday, August 20, 2015 - 16:35

GNI’s Independent Chair and Executive Director, Mark Stephens and Judith Lichtenberg, presented at a full day of expert sessions prior to a special meeting of the United Nations Security Council Counter Terrorism Committee in Madrid in July on how to better stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters.Description: --break->

Joining over 400 experts and representatives of UN Member States, civil society, academia and research institutions, GNI argued for a proportionate and transparent response to online terrorist activities that protect freedom of expression and privacy rights, and called on governments to prioritize the reform of Mutual Legal Assistance mechanisms.  

You can find GNI contributions to the panel on ‘Community policing and social media-related law enforcement initiatives’ here and on ‘International judicial cooperation’ here.

 

GNI Joins Coalition Letter to Senate regarding Section 603 of Intelligence Authorization Act

Date: 
Tuesday, August 4, 2015 - 14:35

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) joined human rights and civil liberties organizations and trade associations to convey its concerns with a provision in the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (S. 1705) in a coalition letter to Senate.

Read the letter here.

Extremist Content and the ICT Sector - Launching a GNI Policy Dialogue

Date: 
Wednesday, July 1, 2015 - 10:50

In the months since the terrorist attacks in Paris and Copenhagen, the debate over the role of information and communication technology (ICT) companies in removing alleged terrorist or extremist online content has accelerated significantly.

The Global Network Initiative (GNI), while acknowledging the legitimate national security and law enforcement obligations of governments, is concerned that the rush to adopt laws and policies that increase government pressure or requirements on companies to restrict or remove content may have serious consequences for freedom of expression and may not be effective in countering violent extremism and stemming recruitment by organizations such as ISIS.  

GNI has published a short document setting out key questions and considerations to inform debate and foster collaboration on this issue.

GNI encourages governments and intergovernmental organizations to consult broadly with affected stakeholders, experts and the public to address and resolve important questions as they consider these measures. As part of GNI’s shared learning and policy engagement, we will focus on this issue during the coming months, and develop a policy and learning agenda that brings together our participants to explore the following key questions.

Please contact us at info@globalnetworkinitiative.org if you are interested in engaging with us on this topic.

 

GNI Welcomes Landmark Freedom of Expression Ruling by the Supreme Court of India

Date: 
Tuesday, March 24, 2015 - 20:06

The Global Network Initiative applauds today's landmark ruling by the Supreme Court of India in support of freedom of expression. 

"With this ruling, India's Supreme Court has rightly declared unconstitutional the infamous IT Act provision used to arrest individuals merely for "liking" online content, and provided important safeguards to help its burgeoning Internet industry succeed,” said Mark Stephens, independent chair of the GNI Board. 

The Court struck down as unconstitutional Section 66a of the IT Act, which provided the power to arrest individuals for posting allegedly “offensive” content, and which had been used to arrest individuals for posting content on Facebook and other social networks. 

The Court also strengthened the safe harbor provisions for Internet intermediaries in section 79 of the IT Act, requiring a court or government order for takedowns under this provision. 

In March 2014, GNI released a report prepared by the consultancy firm Copenhagen Economics, which found that internet intermediaries could add billions to India’s GDP, provided that the intermediary liability regime is reformed. 

Report co-author Dr. Bruno Basalisco, Digital Economy service leader at Copenhagen Economics, noted, “Removing legal uncertainty and restrictions that hamper freedom of expression and enterprise online is excellent news for India as a whole. Citizen freedom of expression and economic contribution go hand in hand: revised rules for online platforms that support user-generated content could increase their GDP contribution to more than 1.3 percent, equivalent to INR 2.49 lakh crore (or $41 Billion).”

Today’s ruling is a critically important step in that direction, and shows that freedom of expression and economic innovation are mutually beneficial. Learn more about the Internet laws affected by today’s ruling through our interactive slideshow.  

 

Getting Specific About Transparency, Privacy, and Free Expression Online

Date: 
Wednesday, November 5, 2014 - 13:58

Emma Llansó and Susan Morgan co-authored this post, which originally apparead on the CDT blog.

Amid the contentious global debates about privacy and surveillance since the Snowden revelations, few proposed reforms have attracted more consensus than calls for greater transparency. Although the devil remains in the details, the need to increase transparency around the requests that governments make of companies to hand over personal data or restrict content online is one of the rare points on which governments, companies, and civil society at least somewhat agree. Transparency is a necessary first step in supporting an informed public debate on whether domestic laws adequately protect individuals’ rights to privacy and freedom of expression.

This call for transparency has been echoed at the highest levels. The UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called attention to “the disturbing lack of governmental transparency associated with surveillance policies, laws and practices, which hinders any effort to assess their coherence with international human rights law and to ensure accountability,” in her seminal report on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age.

Companies have also taken steps to be more transparent with their users about the requests they receive from governments. Since the Snowden revelations, U.S. companies have filed legal challenges and supported legislation seeking the right to report about the national security requests they receive, and scores of companies have begun publishing transparency reports on government requests for user data. Internationally, telecommunications companies such as Vodafone have also begun to disclose this information, or to be transparent about where they are legally prohibited from reporting.

Some governments have started to signal a willingness to make improvements on transparency. For example, in June 2014 the Ministers of the Freedom Online Coalition, a partnership of 23 governments working to advance Internet freedom, committed to:

“Call upon governments worldwide to promote transparency and independent, effective domestic oversight related to electronic surveillance, use of content take-down notices, limitations or restrictions on online content or user access and other similar measures, while committing ourselves to do the same.”

CDT and the Global Network Initiative (GNI) believe that the time has come for a much more specific discussion of the transparency expectations and responsibilities of governments and companies that would facilitate this informed public debate around necessary reform. Working with other stakeholders over the past 9 months, we’ve developed a preliminary set of specific, actionable criteria for transparency, which we provide below.

Transparency is about more than just reporting numbers. Governments should make publicly available the laws and legal interpretations authorizing electronic surveillance or content removal, as well as report the aggregate numbers of requests, and the number of users impacted by these requests.

Governments should also permit companies to issue analogous reports. The combination of government and company reporting can help the public understand the scope of restrictions on rights and dispel myths about surveillance or content removal. And the progress towards greater reporting on national security requests in the United States demonstrates there is more that both governments and companies can say about interception requests without endangering national security.

In the coming weeks, GNI and the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue will be convening learning forums in California and Geneva to dive deeper into questions concerning how transparency can advance human rights online, and the barriers that both governments and companies face in providing the public with this information. CDT and GNI are also pleased to be working on these issues with other advocates, companies, and members of government through the Freedom Online Coalition Working Group on Privacy and Transparency Online. We welcome feedback on the recommendations below from all stakeholders, and we look forward to continuing this conversation online and around the world.

Surveillance

  • Publicly post laws authorizing surveillance as well as official legal interpretations of the law, including executive orders, legal opinions that are relied on by executive officials, and court orders.
  • Disclose the information about:
    • Which intelligence agencies/bodies are legally permitted to conduct surveillance;
    • The scope of the surveillance authorities of each of those entities;
    • The judicial, ministerial, other oversight mechanisms required for the authorization of each instance of surveillance;
    • The judicial, ministerial or independent oversight mechanisms that oversee the implementation of surveillance;
    • And the mechanisms for redress victims of unlawful surveillance may pursue.
    • Disclose to the victim of unlawful surveillance that unlawful surveillance has taken place as soon as practical considering the needs of the specific pending investigation.
    • Public disclosure of the scope of unlawful surveillance and remedial and disciplinary actions taken.
  • Disclose aggregated information about the surveillance demands they make on companies including:
    • The number of surveillance demands;
    • The number of user accounts affected by those demands;
    • The specific legal authority for each of those demands; and
    • Whether the demand sought communications content or non-content or both, and how the authorities define these terms.
  • Permit companies to disclose, with the level of detail set out above, aggregated information on number of surveillance demands that they receive and how they respond to them on at least an annual basis.
  • Permit companies to disclose technical requirements for surveillance that they are legally bound to install, implement, and comply with such as requirements to design lawful intercept capability into communications technology and to decrypt encrypted communications.

Content removal or restriction

  • Publicly post laws authorizing orders to remove or restrict content as well as official legal interpretations of the law, including executive orders, legal opinions that are relied on by executive officials, and court orders.
  • Disclose the information about:
    • Which government agencies/bodies are legally permitted to order takedowns;
    • The types of information by subject that can be ordered removed;
    • The judicial, ministerial, or other oversight mechanisms required for the authorization of each instance of content removal;
    • The judicial, ministerial, or independent oversight mechanisms that oversee the implementation of content takedowns;
    • And the mechanisms for redress that victims of unlawful censorship may pursue.
    • Public disclosure of the scope of unlawful censorship and remedial and disciplinary actions taken.
  • Permit companies to disclose the number of takedowns requests that they receive by number, subject matter, and specific legal authority, and how the company responded to the request.

Any deviations from these transparency requirements would be made only as strictly necessary.

Blocking Social Media Threatens Citizens’ Rights in Iraq

Date: 
Friday, June 13, 2014 - 14:27

The Global Network Initiative is alarmed by the widespread blocking of websites and social media amid the crisis in Iraq. The reported blocking of Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, as well as other sites, inhibits civilians' ability to connect with family members and reach emergency services, reducing access to information at a time when it is urgently needed. The blocking of these services follows two earlier government-directed Internet outages documented earlier this week by Renesys. Governments who shut down communications services and networks in moments of crisis risk violating the right to freedom of expression.

GNI urges the Iraqi government to adhere to international standards when undertaking any measures to limit speech due to national security and terrorist threats. In particular, any restrictions on free expression should meet the tests of legality, necessity, and proportionality set out in Article 19(3) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. GNI recommends the Iraqi Ministry of Communications to restore access to blocked sites and consider less intrusive alternative measures.

Video: Mark Stephens on the 'Right to Be Forgotten' Ruling

Date: 
Friday, May 30, 2014 - 14:59


GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens discusses the EU Court of Justice ruling on BBC World: 

Op-Ed: Only the Powerful Will Benefit from the 'Right to Be Forgotten'

Date: 
Monday, May 19, 2014 - 09:28

This piece by GNI Independent Chair Mark Stephens originally appeared in The Guardian:

Last week's judgment by the European court of justice allowing anyone to demand that a search engine should remove unwanted information from its index – even if it is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere – is a dangerous step in the wrong direction.

Since the ruling an ex-politician seeking re-election, a man convicted of possessing child abuse images and a doctor seeking to remove negative reviews from patients, are reported to be among the first to send takedown notices to Google. Privacy is a universal right that must be protected, but this overreaching judgment is far more likely to aid the powerful in attempts to rewrite history, than afford individuals more influence over their online identities.

Read the full article at The Guardian.

Pages

GNI Briefs the U.S. Helsinki Commission on Internet Freedom

Date: 
Friday, March 4, 2016 - 11:24

On Thursday, March 3, 2016, GNI Director of Policy and Learning Lisl Brunner presented to the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (U.S. Helsinki Commission) at a briefing titled “Internet Freedom in the Age of Dictators and Terrorists.”

In her statement, Brunner outlined GNI’s efforts to support responsible information and communications technology (ICT) company decision making, foster corporate accountability, engage policymakers, and provide a safe space for members to share learning on complex issues.

Brunner illustrated the positive impact of these efforts on privacy and freedom of expression online. “The GNI’s independent assessment process has yielded tangible changes and improvements in [ICT] company policies and practices,” including “the adoption of human rights impact assessments and the development of enhanced company transparency with customers, users and the wider public.”

Additionally, she noted, “The application of GNI principles has reduced the amount of content removed and personal data released as a result of government requests,” and the GNI has “successfully encouraged governments to increase transparency and public debate around their surveillance laws, policies and practices.”

GNI academic member and director of the Ranking Digital Rights project at New America, Rebecca MacKinnon, also briefed the Helsinki Commission.

The Global Network Initiative is an international multi-stakeholder organization that brings together information and communications technology companies, civil society (including human rights and press freedom groups), academics and investors to work together to forge a common approach to protecting and advancing free expression and privacy around the world. GNI members commit to, and are independently assessed on GNI principles and guidelines for responding to government requests that could harm the freedom of expression and privacy rights of users.

For media inquires, please contact Kath Cummins, kcummins@globalnetworkinitiative.org.

 

Free speech and privacy win as Section 603 of Intelligence Authorization Act dropped

Date: 
Tuesday, September 22, 2015 - 14:13

GNI was among the 31 civil society groups that successfully spoke out against section 603, which would have created a sweeping requirement for internet companies to report on their users. The Senate has reached an agreement to drop this provision. The letter signed by 31 civil liberty and trade associations is here.

Encryption and Human Rights Online

Date: 
Monday, June 15, 2015 - 16:51

The Global Network Initiative welcomes the first report to the Human Rights Council by David Kaye, UN Special Rapporteur for freedom of expression, on encryption, anonymity and digital communications. GNI provided a submission to inform the report and participate in an experts meeting in Geneva in March 2015. 

The report focuses on state obligations regarding secure online communication in the protection of the rights to privacy and freedom of expression, and identifies the GNI Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy as a resource for companies to apply as part of their efforts to respect users’ rights.

On June 10, GNI Executive Director Judith Lichtenberg spoke about encryption and human rights at the POLITICO Cybersecurity Summit in Brussels. "Governments should embrace strong encryption," said Lichtenberg, "it is a necessary tool for the protection of freedom of expression in the digital age."

The panel was moderated by David Meyer from POLITICO and also featured Europol Director Rob Wainwright and Christian Horchert from the Chaos Computer Club. Watch the video:

Global Network Initiative Applauds Passage of USA FREEDOM Act

Date: 
Wednesday, June 3, 2015 - 12:53

The Global Network Initiative applauds the passage of the USA FREEDOM Act, a critical first step toward reforming surveillance practices that will help to protect freedom of expression and privacy rights. By ending the bulk collection of phone records and increasing the transparency and oversight of U.S. national security surveillance practices, the USA FREEDOM Act shows that government surveillance reform is possible. The U.S. government should build upon this act by considering further reforms to protect the rights of persons in the United States and around the world, and other governments should follow suit to reform their own surveillance laws, policies and practices to bring them into alignment with international human rights standards. 

Statements by GNI participants:

Center for Democracy & Technology:
Victory: Passage of USA FREEDOM Act Reins in NSA Surveillance

Google:
Congress takes a significant step to reform government surveillance

Human Rights Watch:
US: Modest Step to Curb Spy Excesses

Microsoft:
Microsoft praises passage of the USA Freedom Act in the US Senate

Yahoo:
Statement on Passage of USA Freedom Act

 

GNI Joins Diverse Coalition to Call for Significant Surveillance Reforms

Date: 
Wednesday, March 25, 2015 - 09:23

The Global Network Initiative has joined with a wide range of privacy and human rights advocates, technology companies, and trade associations to agree on key elements of U.S surveillance reform.

In a letter to Congress and the Obama Administration, the coalition has urged a clear, strong, and effective end to bulk collection practices under the USA PATRIOT Act, transparency and accountability mechanisms for government and company reporting, and a declassification regime for Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court decisions.

As Congress and the executive branch consider surveillance reforms, GNI urges them to consider the international implications of U.S. reforms. The United States has an opportunity to demonstrate real leadership by enacting reforms that would bring oversight and control over surveillance regimes commensurate with their capacity. Reforms should help to ensure an approach to national security surveillance worthy of adoption globally that protects the privacy rights of all persons.

GNI participants, including companies who are members of the Reform Government Surveillance coalition, and civil society organizations including the Center for Democracy & Technology, the Committee to Protect Journalists, Human Rights Watch, PEN American Center, and World Press Freedom Committee signed the letter. 

New GNI Report Offers Reforms to Manage Rising Number of International Law Enforcement Requests for User Data

Date: 
Tuesday, January 27, 2015 - 11:45

Watch the video of the report launch event at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

WASHINGTON, DC—The Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) regime—which consists of hundreds of bilateral and multilateral treaties that regulate government-to-government requests for user data—has struggled to keep up with the enormous number of requests for digital evidence arising from global Internet services. A report released today by the Global Network Initiative, entitled “Data Beyond Borders: Mutual Legal Assistance in the Internet Era,” outlines key principles and specific reforms to drive a human rights-based approach to MLA reform for the twenty-first century.

“When mutual legal assistance does not function swiftly and fairly, governments resort to other tactics such as demanding data localization or attempting to apply their laws extraterritorially,” says report author Andrew K. Woods, assistant professor of law at the University of Kentucky. He added, “It is therefore critical that states work together to make mutual legal assistance more efficient and more protective of human rights. This is not an impossible task: states that are serious about reforming MLA can implement many of the most-urgent reforms in the next year.”

The report recommends that states work together to create a secure electronic system for managing MLA requests, increase staffing for MLA issues, and conduct thorough trainings at all levels of law enforcement to ensure that MLA requests are generated and processed as efficiently as possible and in a way that respects international human rights.

“This report offers a mutually beneficial approach to mutual legal assistance reform,” says GNI Policy and Communications Director David Sullivan. “Internet users, companies, and law enforcement officials would all benefit from a robust, principled, and transparent system for managing lawful requests across jurisdictions.”

###

Contact: David Sullivan, dsullivan@globalnetworkinitiative.org, +1-646-595-5373 

GNI is a multi-stakeholder group of companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics, who have created a collaborative approach to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector. GNI provides resources for ICT companies to help them address difficult issues related to freedom of expression and privacy that they may face anywhere in the world. GNI has created a framework of principles and a confidential, collaborative approach to working through challenges of corporate responsibility in the ICT sector.

2014 Learning Forum on Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age - California

Date: 
Wednesday, December 10, 2014 - 09:00

On November 6, 2014, the Global Network Initiative and the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue held the first of two 2014 Joint Learning Forum events in Sunnyvale, California at the headquarters of LinkedIn. The theme of the event was Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age. 

The event opened with welcoming remarks from Pablo Chavez on behalf of LinkedIn, Mark Stephens, GNI Independent Chair, and Jeffrey Dygert from AT&T on behalf of the Industry Dialogue.

Representatives of ICT companies, civil society organizations, the investor community, academia, and the United States government convened in three discussion panels over the course of the day. Each panel considered a specific issue related to Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age.

Panel 1: Why does transparency matter for protecting and respecting rights online?

Arvind Ganesan, Director of Business and Human Rights, Human Rights Watch

Michael Samway, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Arvind Ganesan began by remarking that the worst human rights abuses often occur in the most closed societies. Transparency is therefore a precursor to human rights progress, since we must first know about a company’s activities before we can determine whether it respects and promotes human rights. This applies also to governments, since debates about government surveillance and data collection procedures cannot yield substantive policy recommendations without information on the nature of the government’s activities. 

Michael Samway agreed and added that, beyond the normative and policy imperatives, the business case for transparency is also strong. Transparent business practices engender consumer trust and, by acting transparently, companies can distance themselves from the government and its actions. This point was revisited later in the conference when panelists discussed the German government’s cancellation of a multi-million dollar contract with Verizon due to concerns over US intelligence agencies’ access to Verizon customers’ data.

Panel 2: What is the current state of transparency reporting by companies and governments, and how it could be improved?

Steve Crown, Vice President and Deputy General Counsel, Microsoft

Jeffrey Dygert, Executive Director of Public Policy, AT&T

Jason Pielemeier, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State

Pranesh Prakash, Policy Director, Centre for Internet & Society, Bangalore 

Moderated by Bennett Freeman, Senior Vice President, Sustainability Research and Policy, Calvert Investments

All panelists agreed that transparency reporting is a necessary component of a robust accountability framework but does not, of itself, create a transparent system. 

Pranesh Prakash took this point further, noting that the transparency reports themselves are currently too narrow in scope, and should be expanded to cover all content removal or user data dissemination, not only those instances related to government requests.

Jason Pielemeier reflected on how revelations about national security surveillance have impacted efforts to promote global Internet freedom, noting that the Freedom Online Coalition could play a role developing human rights standards.

Jeffrey Dygert said that transparency reports have helped AT&T define and strengthen its standards on responding to government requests, noting that public scrutiny supports the development of company positions and standards. Steve Crown from Microsoft explained that transparency reports vary across companies, sectors, and jurisdiction, and that Microsoft works on the basis that a state has jurisdiction 

over the company if its servers are located there. 

Questions from the floor touched upon company disclosure policies and practices, and questioned whether the U.S. interpretations of international human rights standards interfere with companies’ responsibility to respect human rights. 

Panel 3: How do companies communicate with their users in response to live events?

Ben Blink, Senior Policy Analyst, Free Expression and International Relations, Google

Patrik Hiselius, Senior Advisor, Digital Rights, TeliaSonera

Rebecca MacKinnon, Director, Ranking Digital Rights Project, New America Foundation

Hemanshu Nigam, CEO, SSP Blue

Sana Saleem, Director, Bolo Bhi

Moderated by Cynthia Wong, Senior Internet Researcher, Human Rights Watch

Cynthia Wong opened this session by focusing in on how companies communicate with users, who generally have little idea how surveillance occurs. 

Sana Saleem from the Pakistan-based civil society organization Bolo Bhi described the challenges arising from the different ways that companies are responding to requests from the Government of Pakistan and underscored the need for greater understanding of the political and legal environment to better protect and respect rights. 

Rebecca MacKinnon added that companies are learning from mistakes in the past to buid trust and improve relationships with civil society organizations and activists on the ground in challenging environments. Ben Blink described Google’s efforts to communicate with users in response to the ruling of the European Court of Justice on the “right to be forgotten.” 

Patrik Hiselius described the constraints that companies face on what they can say in response to challenging situations, and the progress that TeliaSonera has made aggregating what information they can report on what is going on, as they have recently done in response to events in Tajikistan.

Hemanshu Nigam from SSP Blue has worked for both law enforcement and for companies and explained that some events can force a company to make an invidious choice between the rights of its employees and the rights of its users. In such situations it is particularly important that companies clearly communicate to their users the complexity of the dilemma they face and the reasons why certain decisions were made. 

Closing the event, GNI Executive Director Susan Morgan said that the ideas discussed today would be taken up in Geneva in December and inform GNI and the Industry Dialogue’s ongoing efforts to share best practices and find means to advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector.  

2014 Learning Forum on Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age - Geneva

Date: 
Tuesday, December 9, 2014 - 16:42

On 1 December 2014, the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue and the Global Network Initiative (GNI) held the second of their two Joint Learning Forums for the year 2014.  The Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) hosted the event, which focused on Transparency and Human Rights in the Digital Age and featured participants from the ICT industry, civil society organizations, governments, investors, academics, and intergovernmental organizations.  The event took place on the margins of the UN Forum on Business and Human Rights, providing an opportunity for Industry Dialogue and GNI members to take part in that event and engage with a wider range of stakeholders.

The event opened with welcome messages from Milka Pietikainen of Millicom, the current Chair of the Industry Dialogue, Mark Stephens, Chair of the Board of the GNI, and Dr. Jovan Kurbalija, Head of the Geneva Internet Platform.  Milka Pietikainen mentioned that thus far, three Industry Dialogue companies have published transparency reports, and all ID companies have committed to making their operations more transparent. For the Industry Dialogue, transparency is broader than reporting on the number of government requests for communications data that have been received; instead, it means communicating about the company’s policies and processes and how these apply to real-life situations.  According to Mark Stephens, following the Snowden revelations of June 2013, an increasing number of institutions have turned their attention to privacy in the digital age, and there is a push to set higher standards with regard to transparency for the industry as a whole. Jovan Kurbalija welcomed the opportunity to hold in-depth discussions across policy silos in the spirit of the GIP and to engage digital actors across the spectrum to foster collaborative solutions. Geneva is important in this discussion, both for the wide array of Internet-related issues decided on in that city, and for the significant presence of diplomats belonging to small(er) permanent missions, where one person is often responsible for many issues.

Panel 1: What is the state of transparency reporting by companies and governments, and what's missing?

Annette Fergusson, Senior Sustainability Manager, Vodafone Group

Anna Lekvall, Deputy Director, Dept. of International Law, Human Rights and Treaty Law,

Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Sweden

Dr. Stefan Heumann, Deputy Director, European Digital Agenda, StiftungNeueVerantwortung

Peter Micek, Senior Policy Counsel, Access

Moderated by Jens-Henrik Jeppesen, Director for European Affairs, Center for Democracy and Technology

Opening the first panel, Jens-Henrik Jeppesen referred to the Center for Democracy and Technology’S (CDT) comparative study on systematic government access to personal data in 13 countries published in November 2013. Overall, the greatest difficulty was that of obtaining precise information about laws and practices, as many were undocumented and unofficial.  Participants agreed on the need for greater transparency about the legal frameworks and the context in which surveillance takes place, and CDT and the GNI have recommended that the Freedom Online Coalition work toward transparency in line with the Tallinn Agenda. 

During 2014, several telecommunications companies have issued transparency reports for the first time, challenging prior limitations on and perceptions about what companies could disclose.   Annette Fergusson discussed Vodafone Group’s Law Enforcement Disclosure Report, which was published in June of 2014 and covers the 29 countries in which the company has controlled operations. The report’s achievements were described as (1) contextualising the policy frameworks and challenges faced by companies around issues such as secrecy ; (2) enumerating government demands for lawful interception assistance and for disclosure of communications-related data received at the country level; and (3) compiling summaries of the relevant legal provisions in each country under a Creative Commons licence.

Dr. Stefan Heumann explained that in Germany, advanced discussions are taking place around privacy, but there is a need to review the mechanisms for data collection and whether such instruments are implemented in the way they were intended. While the German authorities have been publishing some data, the effort has not been comprehensive, and the reporting is segmented across sector lines. As a result, company transparency reporting plays an important role in filling in the gaps. Companies have begun to publish data on government requests for communications data, and while the reports of 2014 were a positive first step, there is much more that transparency reports can cover.  For example, the German public might be surprised at how much content is restricted under laws governing hate speech and the prohibition of child pornography.

Peter Micek explained that Access has recently established a Transparency Reporting Index and stressed the importance of the UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights, which establish that while companies have responsibilities regarding human rights, collaboration with other stakeholders should take place as well.  While governments have also responded to the momentum to publish numbers related to communications surveillance, many of these numbers are not meaningful to the public, particularly given that large elements of the communications surveillance picture – including many related to national security – are missing from such reports. 

Anna Lekvall commented that after the Snowden revelations, the Swedish government, recognised as a promoter of human rights around the world, had to ‘look more carefully at itself.’  One area of concern is integrity in the digital world, which is being addressed by a parliamentary committee recently set up in the context of renewed discussion about digital vulnerabilities. She reflected on transparency reports as a positive lever for non-democratic states, suggesting that because many governments want to demonstrate progress in the age of the Internet, governments that lead by example can prompt greater transparency globally.  Lekvall concluded that multi-stakeholder cooperation is the new norm for human rights in the digital age.

During the open discussion, participants mentioned that all actors should envision win-win scenarios for the authorities, companies, and users to benefit from increased transparency, given that legitimacy is at stake.  Participants expressed that transparency reporting should include statistics related to freedom of expression, as well as information on extra-legal, self-regulatory regimes around copyright, intellectual property, and adult content, as well as the enforcement of terms of service remain opaque. As Peter Micek explained, companies can make remedies available in this area, as it is within their control.  It was suggested that reporting be harmonised on the corporate and on the government sides in order to avoid a scenario in which the same action is reported multiple times. 

Participants mentioned that greater cooperation by all parties over the long term with international institutions could further the goals of all, regarding issues such as Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty reform.  It was recommended that companies engage with governments during the drafting of National Action Plans on Business and Human Rights. Finally, it was highlighted that transparency reports can contribute to progress in fostering positive debate in non-democratic states when it is part of companies’ long-term strategy. 

Panel 2: How do companies communicate with users in response to live events?

Dr. Jovan Kurbalija, Head of the Geneva Internet Platform

Milka Pietikainen, Head of Corporate Responsibility, Millicom

Dan Bross, Senior Director, Corporate Citizenship, Microsoft

Jane Møller Larsen, Head of Department, Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Europe, International Media Support

Moderated by Bennett Freeman, Senior Vice President, Sustainability Research and Policy, Calvert Investments

During the second panel discussion, Bennett Freeman outlined the challenges facing companies as they try to communicate with users about events such as content restriction, surveillance, and network shutdowns, which generally occur during moments of tension with governments.  He tied the company discussions on transparency into the broader debate about transparency in Internet governance. The recent Geneva Internet Conference held a workshop on aiming for full transparency, accepting occasional translucency, suggesting practical ways for differentiating between disclosure and secrecy contexts. Jovan Kurbalija explained that empathy is needed in order to overcome the breakdown in communication and foster the understanding of the reasoning behind a particular approach.  Yet, evidence-based policy-making seems to pose another dilemma: paralysis by complexity. The ultimate objective might not be achieved due to the inflation of data, Kurbalija noted. Streamlining reporting (combining governmental and business perspectives) might be a practical step in this direction and a conversion point for the Geneva institutional landscape.

When asked about the challenges and risks that companies face when they try to communicate to users about governmental requests for data, Milka Pietikainen explained that it is important to understand the multi-faceted relationship between telecommunications companies and governments. Telecommunications operators hold several licences from different government entities, and if authorities are displeased by a company’s disclosures, this may have direct consequences for its ability to render services to customers. In some operating contexts there may be threats to the security of personnel. Under these circumstances, a company can still take steps towards transparency, such as engaging in discussions with the government directly, capacity development among employees, and confidential discussions with investors and other stakeholders on company efforts to push back against requests that do not follow legal procedures.

Dan Bross indicated that Microsoft aims to help its 500 million users around the world understand the company’s actions and motives in responding to requests, while the company is conscious that many of these users do not read transparency reports.  Communicating regularly with affected users – both publicly and privately on occasion – to the extent that this is allowed is seen as essential to building trust.  Microsoft issued its first transparency report in 2013, but it has built on the experience of other companies to improve its reporting.

Jane Møller Larsen drew on her experience working with journalists across 40 countries and emphasized that companies must find effective ways to communicate with users, who are often young and do not read reports that are presented in an academic manner.  She highlighted the importance of direct dialogue with bloggers and other direct stakeholders.  Company licence agreements also remain opaque, and greater transparency around their terms could serve advocacy purposes and promote cohesion in the range of a company’s activities, perhaps reducing the number of illegitimate demands.    

In conclusion, Mark Stephens emphasized that while companies have made significant progress in increasing transparency about communications surveillance, governments must now show greater leadership.  Milka Pietikainen indicated that stakeholders often have common goals and indicated that companies should continue to share best practices, as the Industry Dialogue has done, in order to understand their different operating contexts and to build trust.  Jovan Kurbalija concluded that cross-fertilisation might be the way forward, as ‘binary issues have to be addressed in an analogue way’, with realistic expectations.

Getting Specific About Transparency, Privacy, and Free Expression Online

Date: 
Wednesday, November 5, 2014 - 13:58

Emma Llansó and Susan Morgan co-authored this post, which originally apparead on the CDT blog.

Amid the contentious global debates about privacy and surveillance since the Snowden revelations, few proposed reforms have attracted more consensus than calls for greater transparency. Although the devil remains in the details, the need to increase transparency around the requests that governments make of companies to hand over personal data or restrict content online is one of the rare points on which governments, companies, and civil society at least somewhat agree. Transparency is a necessary first step in supporting an informed public debate on whether domestic laws adequately protect individuals’ rights to privacy and freedom of expression.

This call for transparency has been echoed at the highest levels. The UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called attention to “the disturbing lack of governmental transparency associated with surveillance policies, laws and practices, which hinders any effort to assess their coherence with international human rights law and to ensure accountability,” in her seminal report on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age.

Companies have also taken steps to be more transparent with their users about the requests they receive from governments. Since the Snowden revelations, U.S. companies have filed legal challenges and supported legislation seeking the right to report about the national security requests they receive, and scores of companies have begun publishing transparency reports on government requests for user data. Internationally, telecommunications companies such as Vodafone have also begun to disclose this information, or to be transparent about where they are legally prohibited from reporting.

Some governments have started to signal a willingness to make improvements on transparency. For example, in June 2014 the Ministers of the Freedom Online Coalition, a partnership of 23 governments working to advance Internet freedom, committed to:

“Call upon governments worldwide to promote transparency and independent, effective domestic oversight related to electronic surveillance, use of content take-down notices, limitations or restrictions on online content or user access and other similar measures, while committing ourselves to do the same.”

CDT and the Global Network Initiative (GNI) believe that the time has come for a much more specific discussion of the transparency expectations and responsibilities of governments and companies that would facilitate this informed public debate around necessary reform. Working with other stakeholders over the past 9 months, we’ve developed a preliminary set of specific, actionable criteria for transparency, which we provide below.

Transparency is about more than just reporting numbers. Governments should make publicly available the laws and legal interpretations authorizing electronic surveillance or content removal, as well as report the aggregate numbers of requests, and the number of users impacted by these requests.

Governments should also permit companies to issue analogous reports. The combination of government and company reporting can help the public understand the scope of restrictions on rights and dispel myths about surveillance or content removal. And the progress towards greater reporting on national security requests in the United States demonstrates there is more that both governments and companies can say about interception requests without endangering national security.

In the coming weeks, GNI and the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue will be convening learning forums in California and Geneva to dive deeper into questions concerning how transparency can advance human rights online, and the barriers that both governments and companies face in providing the public with this information. CDT and GNI are also pleased to be working on these issues with other advocates, companies, and members of government through the Freedom Online Coalition Working Group on Privacy and Transparency Online. We welcome feedback on the recommendations below from all stakeholders, and we look forward to continuing this conversation online and around the world.

Surveillance

  • Publicly post laws authorizing surveillance as well as official legal interpretations of the law, including executive orders, legal opinions that are relied on by executive officials, and court orders.
  • Disclose the information about:
    • Which intelligence agencies/bodies are legally permitted to conduct surveillance;
    • The scope of the surveillance authorities of each of those entities;
    • The judicial, ministerial, other oversight mechanisms required for the authorization of each instance of surveillance;
    • The judicial, ministerial or independent oversight mechanisms that oversee the implementation of surveillance;
    • And the mechanisms for redress victims of unlawful surveillance may pursue.
    • Disclose to the victim of unlawful surveillance that unlawful surveillance has taken place as soon as practical considering the needs of the specific pending investigation.
    • Public disclosure of the scope of unlawful surveillance and remedial and disciplinary actions taken.
  • Disclose aggregated information about the surveillance demands they make on companies including:
    • The number of surveillance demands;
    • The number of user accounts affected by those demands;
    • The specific legal authority for each of those demands; and
    • Whether the demand sought communications content or non-content or both, and how the authorities define these terms.
  • Permit companies to disclose, with the level of detail set out above, aggregated information on number of surveillance demands that they receive and how they respond to them on at least an annual basis.
  • Permit companies to disclose technical requirements for surveillance that they are legally bound to install, implement, and comply with such as requirements to design lawful intercept capability into communications technology and to decrypt encrypted communications.

Content removal or restriction

  • Publicly post laws authorizing orders to remove or restrict content as well as official legal interpretations of the law, including executive orders, legal opinions that are relied on by executive officials, and court orders.
  • Disclose the information about:
    • Which government agencies/bodies are legally permitted to order takedowns;
    • The types of information by subject that can be ordered removed;
    • The judicial, ministerial, or other oversight mechanisms required for the authorization of each instance of content removal;
    • The judicial, ministerial, or independent oversight mechanisms that oversee the implementation of content takedowns;
    • And the mechanisms for redress that victims of unlawful censorship may pursue.
    • Public disclosure of the scope of unlawful censorship and remedial and disciplinary actions taken.
  • Permit companies to disclose the number of takedowns requests that they receive by number, subject matter, and specific legal authority, and how the company responded to the request.

Any deviations from these transparency requirements would be made only as strictly necessary.

GNI Responds to GCHQ in the Financial Times

Date: 
Wednesday, November 5, 2014 - 07:30

In reaction to the Financial Times op-ed by Richard Hannigan, Director of GCHQ, GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens wrote this letter to the editor, "Need to intrude must be demonstrated, not merely asserted" published November 5:

 

Sir, Robert Hannigan, director of GCHQ, paints a bleak picture of tech-savvy terrorists, enabled by social media platforms that impede intelligence agencies’ efforts to protect the public (“The web is a terrorist’s command-and-control network of choice”, November 4).

He makes nearly no mention of the sophisticated apparatus of mass surveillance employed by his agency to monitor communications at a scope and scale unimaginable not long ago, from the wholesale siphoning of internet traffic from submarine cables to the collection of millions of webcam images from users unsuspected of any connection to terrorism. Nor does he mention lawful, proportionate and proper co-operation between law enforcement and the ICT sector.

Co-operation between technology companies and governments can and should play a role in addressing legitimate security threats online. But when it comes to handing over user data, or taking down content posted online, companies have an equally important responsibility to respect their users’ rights. That must entail a level of transparency and accountability that has been glaringly absent from GCHQ’s own conduct revealed by Edward Snowden. The necessity and proportionality of any intrusion into privacy or free expression must be demonstrated, not simply asserted in a “nanny knows best” way by an unaccountable state. There is also a compelling social need for meaningful independent oversight and due process to be built in to the authorising legal framework.

Putting human rights at the centre of the relationship between technology companies, society and governments would be a better way to begin a mature debate on privacy in the digital age than the flagrantly false allegation that social media companies are facilitating murder.

Mark Stephens

London E11, UK

Independent Chair, Global Network Initiative

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GNI Welcomes Landmark Freedom of Expression Ruling by the Supreme Court of India

The Global Network Initiative applauds today's landmark ruling by the Supreme Court of India in support of freedom of expression.
Date: 
Tue, 03/24/2015 - 20:06

Interactive Slideshow Explores Impact of India's Internet Laws

The Global Network Initiative and the Internet and Mobile Association of India are working together to explain how India’s Internet and technology laws holding back economic innovation and freedom of expression.
Date: 
Thu, 07/17/2014 - 00:01

Report: Strengthening Protections for Online Platforms Could Add Billions to India’s GDP

The Global Network Initiative today released a report prepared by Copenhagen Economics, which found that online platforms that support user-generated content can become an important part of India’s Internet economy.

Date: 
Tue, 03/25/2014 - 00:01

GNI Responds to European Commission Consultations

The Global Network Initiative has submitted comments to the European Commission on two recent consultations relevant to freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector.

Date: 
Wed, 10/10/2012 - 10:05

Wall Street Journal Asia Op-Ed: "Thailand Stifles the Internet"

This op-ed by GNI Independent Chair Jermyn Brooks originally appeared in the Wall Street Journal Asia.

Date: 
Thu, 06/07/2012 (All day)

GNI Statement on Thai Court Conviction

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is troubled by the conviction of Chiranuch Premchaiporn, webmaster of the online forum Prachathai, under Thailand’s Computer Crimes Act for not moving quickly enough to remove content posted by users.

Date: 
Thu, 05/31/2012 - 10:01

Global Network Initiative Concerned by Government of Vietnam’s Proposed Internet Decree

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is deeply concerned by the free speech and privacy implications of the Government of Vietnam’s Draft Decree on Internet Services.

Date: 
Wed, 05/23/2012 - 14:26

GNI Statement on Protecting Intellectual Property and Upholding Free Expression and Innovation Online

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) welcomes the decision by Congressional leaders to postpone immediate consideration of proposed intellectual property legislation in the Senate and House of Representatives. GNI supports the goal of protecting intellectual property online, but we firmly believe that the approach used in the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and Protect-IP (PIPA) is flawed and poses an unacceptable threat to global online freedom of expression and innovation.

Date: 
Fri, 01/20/2012 - 17:33

Open Letter on Freedom of Expression, Intellectual Property and H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act

On 15 November 2011, GNI wrote to the Committee on the Judiciary of the U.S. House of Representatives about freedom of expression, intellectual property and H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act. The text of the letter is below.

Dear Chairman Smith and Ranking Member Conyers,
 

Date: 
Tue, 11/15/2011 - 17:16

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GNI Submits Comments to UN on Privacy in the Digital Age

GNI provides input for the report of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on “The right to privacy in the digital age.”
Date: 
Wed, 04/02/2014 - 08:09

GNI Writes to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on Privacy in the Digital Age

The Global Network Initiative has written to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the occasion of an expert seminar on the right to privacy in the digital age organized by the Permanent Missions of Austria, Brasil, Germany, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Norway, and Switzerland to the UN in Geneva.

Date: 
Mon, 02/24/2014 - 12:12

GNI at the Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia

The Global Network Initiative will participate in the 2013 Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia.

Date: 
Wed, 10/16/2013 - 13:43

The Open Internet After Dubai: Strengths and Vulnerabilities, Opportunities and Threats

This past week in Dubai, governments from around the world attempted to use an international telecommunications treaty to increase government control over the Internet in ways harmful to online free expression and privacy.

Date: 
Tue, 12/18/2012 - 08:45

International Herald Tribune Op-Ed: "Hands Off the Internet!"

A chorus of human rights groups, diplomats, companies and technologists has achieved something remarkable. They are shining a media spotlight on the most boring international conference you have never heard of: an obscure gathering of governments called the World Conference on International Telecommunications, or W.C.I.T.

Date: 
Thu, 12/06/2012 - 11:32

Corporate Responsibility and Global Internet Governance

This December in Dubai, world governments will gather to renegotiate a key treaty under the auspices of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a UN agency that specializes in global telecommunications.

Date: 
Tue, 10/02/2012 - 08:00

Global Network Initiative Welcomes UN Human Rights Council Resolution on Human Rights on the Internet

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) welcomes the UN Human Rights Council Resolution on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet adopted on July 6, 2012. At a time of great debate regarding the role of governments, companies, and other stakeholders on Internet governance, it is important that a UN body has affirmed by consensus that the same rights that people have offline, particularly freedom of expression, also apply online.

Date: 
Fri, 07/06/2012 - 10:39

The Multi-stakeholder Model of Internet Governance Needs to be Retained

The Global Network Initiative urges the retention of the multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance as global policy forums create policy for the future. Several important decisions are to be made around Internet governance in the coming year.

Date: 
Fri, 06/22/2012 - 04:22

GNI's Submission to the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights

The Global Network Initiative submitted the following letter to the UN Working Group on business and human rights. Our submission and that of other stakeholders can also be viewed on their website.

Date: 
Thu, 01/12/2012 - 17:31

GNI announces workshop at IGF 2011 in Nairobi

The Global Network Initiative is pleased to announce it will be hosting a workshop at the 6th Annual Internet Governance Forum 2011, held September 27th-30th at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. GNI would like to welcome all those interested to attend the workshop, entitled "The Business of Human Rights: Corporate Responsibility and ICTs".

This workshop will discuss:

Date: 
Wed, 09/07/2011 - 16:15

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GNI Joins Coalition Letter to Senate regarding Section 603 of Intelligence Authorization Act

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) joined human rights and civil liberties organizations and trade associations to convey its concerns with a provision in the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (S. 1705) in a coalition letter to Senate.

Date: 
Tue, 08/04/2015 - 14:35

Video: Mark Stephens on the 'Right to Be Forgotten' Ruling

Date: 
Fri, 05/30/2014 - 14:59


GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens discusses the EU Court of Justice ruling on BBC World: 

EU Court ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ Ruling Threatens Freedom of Expression

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is deeply troubled by the risks to freedom of expression and access to information in the ruling by the Court of Justice of the European Union allowing individuals to compel search engines to remove links to unwanted information—even if that information is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere.

Date: 
Thu, 05/15/2014 - 11:38

Video: The Role of Human Rights Impact Assessments in Advancing Rights Online

Date: 
Mon, 04/28/2014 - 14:46


At the meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition in Tallinn, Estonia, GNI organized a session with the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue on Human Rights Impact Assessments in the ICT sector: 

Comments on European Commission draft ICT sector guidance on business and human rights

The Global Network Initiative welcomes the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry project to develop guidance on the corporate responsibility to respect human rights in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector.

Date: 
Thu, 02/14/2013 - 14:37

Facebook Gains Observer Status with the Global Network Initiative

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is pleased to announce that Facebook is the first company to gain observer status with GNI. Observer status is an opportunity for companies who are actively considering joining GNI to examine the initiative's programs as well as its principles on free expression and privacy.

Date: 
Thu, 05/03/2012 - 09:00

GNI Statement on the Global Online Freedom Act of 2011

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) supports the objective of legislation that would protect and advance rights to free expression and privacy online and provide increased transparency and accountability for information and communications technology (ICT) companies operating worldwide.
 
GNI member companies have made a public commitment to undertake human rights due diligence measures. We commend the authors of H.R. 3605, the Global Online Freedom Act of 2011, for requiring disclosure by companies about the human rights due diligence measures they undertake. 
Date: 
Wed, 03/28/2012 - 09:59

First Independent Assessments of GNI Founding Companies Completed

The three founding Global Network Initiative (GNI) companies—Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo!—have undergone the first independent assessments to determine how they are implementing their GNI commitments so far. This was the world's first independent assessment of corporate policies and procedures in the Information & Communications Technology (ICT) industry to address freedom of expression and privacy rights.
 
Date: 
Tue, 03/06/2012 - 09:49

GNI Statement in Response to Violence in London

In his response to the violent unrest in the UK over the past week, UK Prime Minister David Cameron said the government is considering whether it would be right to place limits on social media access in certain cases. While criminality and violence deserve condemnation and prosecution under the full extent of the law, the Global Network Initiative (GNI) urges the British government to consider the domestic and global ramifications for civil liberties and human rights as it develops specific proposals. 

Date: 
Thu, 08/11/2011 - 17:08

GNI statement on UN Work on the Human Right of Freedom of Expression

On the 28th of July, the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations approved a new “General Comment” of Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, giving clear guidance on the legitimate restrictions on freedom of expression that states can make.

Date: 
Fri, 08/05/2011 - 16:00

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