Error message

  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_timezone_set() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2013 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).
  • Warning: date_format() expects parameter 1 to be DateTime, boolean given in format_date() (line 2023 of /home/virtual/site213/fst/var/www/html/includes/common.inc).

Issues

The Global Network Initiative publishes statements and resources on a regular basis to highlight trends and issues of concern for all stakeholders in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector. As a multi-stakeholder initiative, GNI draws on the collective expertise of our members and on our cumulative experience in the global implementation of the GNI Principles. 

Blocking Social Media Threatens Citizens’ Rights in Iraq

Date: 
Friday, June 13, 2014 - 14:27

The Global Network Initiative is alarmed by the widespread blocking of websites and social media amid the crisis in Iraq. The reported blocking of Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, as well as other sites, inhibits civilians' ability to connect with family members and reach emergency services, reducing access to information at a time when it is urgently needed. The blocking of these services follows two earlier government-directed Internet outages documented earlier this week by Renesys. Governments who shut down communications services and networks in moments of crisis risk violating the right to freedom of expression.

GNI urges the Iraqi government to adhere to international standards when undertaking any measures to limit speech due to national security and terrorist threats. In particular, any restrictions on free expression should meet the tests of legality, necessity, and proportionality set out in Article 19(3) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. GNI recommends the Iraqi Ministry of Communications to restore access to blocked sites and consider less intrusive alternative measures.

Video: Mark Stephens on the 'Right to Be Forgotten' Ruling

Date: 
Friday, May 30, 2014 - 14:59


GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens discusses the EU Court of Justice ruling on BBC World: 

Op-Ed: Only the Powerful Will Benefit from the 'Right to Be Forgotten'

Date: 
Monday, May 19, 2014 - 09:28

This piece by GNI Independent Chair Mark Stephens originally appeared in The Guardian:

Last week's judgment by the European court of justice allowing anyone to demand that a search engine should remove unwanted information from its index – even if it is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere – is a dangerous step in the wrong direction.

Since the ruling an ex-politician seeking re-election, a man convicted of possessing child abuse images and a doctor seeking to remove negative reviews from patients, are reported to be among the first to send takedown notices to Google. Privacy is a universal right that must be protected, but this overreaching judgment is far more likely to aid the powerful in attempts to rewrite history, than afford individuals more influence over their online identities.

Read the full article at The Guardian.

EU Court ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ Ruling Threatens Freedom of Expression

Date: 
Thursday, May 15, 2014 - 11:38

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is deeply troubled by the risks to freedom of expression and access to information in the ruling by the Court of Justice of the European Union allowing individuals to compel search engines to remove links to unwanted information—even if that information is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere.

GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens said: “With this ruling, society runs the risk of creating a two-tiered Internet, with searches in Europe returning dramatically different and less complete sets of results than will be available in the rest of the world.”

He added, “The social utility in academics, journalists, historians and average citizens being able to know the unvarnished truth outweighs that of an individual’s right to cover up unwanted facts. Protecting privacy is important, but the solution is not to oblige companies to return bespoke search results that open the door to increased censorship.”

The ruling misguidedly places the burden on companies, not courts, to make the ambiguous distinction between the right to privacy and the right to seek and impart information. And companies that decide the scales tip in favor of free expression may still find themselves facing legal action from data protection offices and subject to court orders to alter or remove access to otherwise publicly accessible information.

Europe’s admirable dedication to privacy and data protection has helped to shape global norms. However, it is equally important not to risk inspiring further efforts around the world to remove public facts from public access. We urge an informed debate on striking the right balance between the equally important goals of protecting freedom of expression and protecting privacy.

 

Russian Internet Legislation Threatens Online Rights

Date: 
Friday, April 25, 2014 - 15:11

The Global Network Initiative urges Russian President Vladimir Putin to veto legislation that would restrict free expression and privacy rights online. 

The "Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information" amendment adopted by the Duma Tuesday, will go into effect in August if approved by President Putin. The legislation imposes stringent requirements on bloggers, requiring them to register with the authorities and face similar regulations to mass media. The amendment also reportedly requires Internet companies to locate customer data in Russia, where it can be accessed by state security and intelligence services. 

GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens said, “This is a steep decline on an already slippery slope. If one state controls and censors dissent in this way, then others will sure follow all too quickly. The Internet is founded on freedom of thought and data: not locking it away in a gilded cage with only the Securitate having the keys.” 

GNI previously warned against Russian legislation passed in 2012 said to be intended to block access to content harmful to children or extremist, a law that has been perverted for use during the past year to block political speech. Google reported a 125% increase in content removal requests from Russia in their most recent transparency report. Extensive blocking of independent news websites was reported in March 2014.

Alternative means of addressing legitimate law enforcement and national security concerns should be used that would also protect privacy and free expression. Rather than imposing onerous data retention and local storage requirements, governments should work together to improve the frameworks governing lawful requests for data across jurisdictions, such as Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs).

Turkey: Stop Blocking Social Media

Date: 
Thursday, March 27, 2014 - 19:39

The Global Network Initiative urges Turkey to restore full access to Twitter and YouTube, and ensure access to communications and the free flow of information, particularly in advance of local elections on March 30.

GNI Executive Director Susan Morgan said, “By dramatically ramping up censorship of social media, the Turkish government—already the world’s top press jailer according to the Committee to Protect Journalists—appears determined to repress free expression rights online as well as offline.”

GNI is also concerned about reports indicating Turkey is attempting to block downloads of anonymity software Tor, which has enabled thousands of people in Turkey to circumvent the ban.

GNI urges the Turkish government to implement yesterday’s court ruling that overturned the Twitter ban, fully restore access to all services and ensure a free and open Internet. As the host the 2014 Internet Governance Forum, Turkey should not be flagrantly obstructing the ability of its citizens to exercise their fundamental rights.

Threats to Free Expression by Turkey and Russia

Date: 
Monday, March 10, 2014 - 13:43

GNI is deeply concerned by Prime Minister Erdogon's threats to block Facebook and YouTube in Turkey, as well as reports that the Russian government is blocking webpages of Ukrainian dissidents and interfering with mobile networks in Crimea.

The right to freedom of expression should not be restricted by governments, except in narrowly defined circumstances based on internationally recognized laws or standards. Broadly restricting citizens from sharing and receiving information—especially in times of conflict and for political purposes—is a clear violation of human rights and democratic principles.

Turkish Internet Legislation Threatens Free Expression and Privacy Rights

Date: 
Wednesday, January 22, 2014 - 11:45

Update: Turkey’s parliament passed the legislation on Wednesday February 5, 2014. GNI urges Turkish President Abdullah Gül to veto the bill.

The Global Network Initiative is greatly concerned by legislation under consideration in Turkey that if passed, would loosen already troubling standards for blocking of online content and require Internet service providers (ISPs) to retain information about users' online activity

The legislation would amend Turkey’s Law 5651 on the Regulation of Broadcasts via Internet and Prevention of Crimes Committed through Such Broadcasts. In December 2012, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the existing law violates the right to freedom of expression under Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The amendments, however, would worsen the law’s impact on rights to free expression and privacy by weakening judicial oversight and due process for decisions on content removal and opening the door to even greater censorship online. The amendments also dramatically increase the obligations on ISPs to retain information about their customers’ online activities, and force ISPs to join a state controlled association.

On January 14 the Turkish Parliament’s planning and budget committee approved the proposed amendments, which are due to be considered by the full Parliament before the end of the month. Turkish police used tear gas and water cannons against protests over the law held in Istanbul and Ankara last week.

GNI urges the Turkish parliament to review the proposed amendments and remove those that are inconsistent with international legal standards regarding free expression and privacy rights.

GNI is a multi-stakeholder group of companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics, who have created a collaborative approach to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector. GNI provides resources for ICT companies to help them address difficult issues related to freedom of expression and privacy that they may face anywhere in the world. GNI has created a framework of principles and a confidential, collaborative approach to working through challenges of corporate responsibility in the ICT sector.

GNI Responds to Bytes For All, Pakistan

Date: 
Tuesday, July 30, 2013 - 16:21

On July 30, 2013, GNI wrote to Pakistani human rights organization Bytes For All, formally responding to the open letter they sent to GNI on July 17, 2013. The text of GNI's response is below:  

----- 

Dear Shahzad,

Subject: open letter in response to your letter of July 17 2013

Thank you for your letter dated July 17 2013 regarding claims you referenced which were made by a representative of the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority in the Lahore High Court on July 4 2013. I have shared the letter with GNI’s Board as requested and I’m glad that we had the opportunity to talk about the issue directly last week.

I have also been in touch with representatives from Facebook including Richard Allan who received a copy of your letter to me. My understanding is that you will receive a response from Facebook on the specific questions you raise in your letter.

The communications that I have had with Facebook make clear that there are two specific instances when they will act to remove or block access to content. The first is when content violates their Statement of Rights and Responsibilities. The second is when they are notified that content is unlawful in a particular jurisdiction. When Facebook receives a notice from a law enforcement authority notifying it that certain content is illegal, Facebook will review the order and confirm that the body requesting the removal is authorised to do so and that the content is indeed a violation of law in that jurisdiction. Only after that review has taken place will content be restricted in that particular jurisdiction. It remains visible to people outside of that jurisdiction. This is a common approach that Facebook takes in all countries.

It is important to acknowledge that there are many countries around the world where companies face challenges when required to comply with laws and regulations that many see as imposing restrictions on free expression. When a government in such a country requests that content is removed on the grounds that it violates local law, one approach a company may take to maximize expression in the face of these laws is to block content only in the specific jurisdiction where that content is illegal. GNI has created a framework for company decision-making based on international human rights standards which looks to protect the free expression and privacy rights of users. This framework is publicly available on our website at www.globalnetworkinitiative.org.

I wanted to specifically address the request at the end of your letter to review the way in which Facebook approaches requests from the Government of Pakistan to see if they are consistent with GNI’s principles and guidelines. When companies join GNI they make a commitment to implement our principles and guidelines within their organisation. When companies have been members for two years they then undergo their first independent assessment to look at whether the company is putting in place the policies, systems and processes in place to implement the principles. The next assessment considers what is actually happening in practice through a case review process and a determination of compliance.

When we become aware of an issue regarding a GNI company member, then we engage in a dialogue with the company in question to review the issue, which is what we have done in this case. We may also conduct internal discussions and learning sessions with our members to better understand the issue and where necessary, propose options to address it.

We do not conduct ad hoc reviews of company compliance with our principles. However, we have recognised that an important aspect of GNI’s work in the future is going to be to provide some kind of mechanism for stakeholders who want to raise concerns with GNI about the actions of our members, or to more broadly engage with our work. Last year we worked with Shift, a US non profit organisation, to help us think through how we could put such a mechanism in place. We expect to talk publicly about our next steps on this work when we publish our next assessment report on our three founding companies.

Thank you again for contacting me and please let me know if there is anything in particular in this letter that you would like to discuss in more detail.

 

With best wishes

Susan Morgan Executive Director GNI

 

Copy to:

  • Board members of the Global Network Initiative (GNI)
  • Lord Richard Allan, Facebook Inc, UK
  • Mr Frank La Rue, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression, UN Human Rights Council
  • Mr Maina Kiai, Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association
  • Best Bits Network
  • Ms Anusha Rehman, Minister of State for IT & Telecommunication, Government of Pakistan
  • The Chairman, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, Government of Pakistan

The Global Network Initiative Welcomes U.S. and Canadian Actions to Enable Access to Communications Technologies in Iran

Date: 
Tuesday, June 4, 2013 - 12:52

The Global Network Initiative commends recent actions by the U.S. and Canadian governments to ensure that sanctions do not prevent Iranian citizens from using information and communication technologies to communicate securely.

On May 30, the U.S. Treasury Department issued a new General License authorizing exports to Iran of certain services, software, and hardware incident to personal communications. The License builds on previous regulations and for the first time makes legal exports to Iran of hardware including mobile phones and computers, as well as critical software and services, such as anti-virus software, VPNs, anti-censorship tools, and access to online app stores. The General License was announced the day after Canada exempted some “consumer communication technologies that contribute to Internet freedom” from a new round of sanctions on Iran.

"This is an important development that will help Iranians get access to vital communications and security technologies,” said Jillian York, director of international freedom of expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a GNI participant. “EFF hopes to see a similar license extended to cover other sanctioned countries, such as Syria, Sudan, and Cuba."

GNI is encouraged by these steps, which make clear that sanctions should not infringe upon universal rights to freedom of expression and privacy.

Pages

Open Letter to UK Prime Minister on the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill

Date: 
Monday, July 14, 2014 - 17:15

On July 14, 2014, GNI wrote to UK Prime Minister David Cameron about the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill.

Rt. Hon David Cameron MP
Prime Minister
10 Downing Street
London SW1A 2AA

14th July 2014

Dear Prime Minister, 

The Global Network Initiative is a multi-stakeholder group of companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics, working to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the Information Communications and Technology (ICT) sector. 

We urge reconsideration of the fast-track timeline for the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers (DRIP) Bill to provide adequate opportunity for Parliamentary scrutiny and public debate. 

GNI has observed a troubling legislative trend around the world in which requirements are placed on communications providers to respond to government requests for user data outside that government’s jurisdiction. By asserting extraterritorial jurisdiction, the DRIP Bill could provide unintended justification for such actions by other governments, including those that seek to limit freedom of expression and other human rights online. We are concerned that the effect of passing this legislation will be to encourage other governments to expand claims of jurisdiction without regard to the physical location of data centers. We urge you to be mindful of these consequences, including the impact of laws enacted in other jurisdictions on the privacy rights of UK citizens at home and abroad, when considering this legislation.

The UK government has other means of lawfully obtaining data from other jurisdictions, including through mutual legal assistance treaties (MLATs). The UK National Crime Agency has been a leading proponent of reforms to the MLAT process that would better address individual rights and law enforcement needs. If passed, the DRIP Bill would undermine these efforts, which we believe to be a more suitable approach to managing challenges around jurisdiction and cross-border data requests. 

The United Kingdom plays an important leadership role in the promotion of Internet freedom, including through co-chairing the Freedom Online Coalition working group on privacy and transparency. We believe that giving unintended justification to other governments seeking to limit freedom of expression and other human rights could undermine the effectiveness of the UK’s efforts to advance freedom online. We urge you to reconsider the timetable for this proposed legislation and allow a public debate that considers its broader international ramifications.

Yours sincerely,

Mark Stephens, CBE 
Independent Chair
Global Network Initiative

Susan Morgan 
Executive Director 
Global Network Initiative

cc:   The Rt. Hon Nick Clegg MP
        The Rt. Hon Theresa May MP

Op-Ed: Privacy Since Snowden

Date: 
Wednesday, June 18, 2014 - 15:02

This piece by GNI Independent Chair Mark Stephens originally appeared at Project Syndicate:

A year has passed since the American former intelligence contractor Edward J. Snowden began revealing the massive scope of Internet surveillance by the US National Security Agency. His disclosures have elicited public outrage and sharp rebukes from close US allies like Germany, upending rosy assumptions about how free and secure the Internet and telecommunications networks really are. Singlehandedly, Snowden has changed how people regard their phones, tablets, and laptops, and sparked a public debate about the protection of personal data. What his revelations have not done is bring about significant reforms.

Read the full op-ed at Project Syndicate, or read it in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Portugese, Russian, or Spanish

Video: Surveillance Reforms: Toward Transparency and Accountability

Date: 
Tuesday, April 29, 2014 - 14:53


At the meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition in Tallinn, Estonia, GNI organized a session with the Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT) on surveillance reforms and transparency: 

GNI Urges U.S. Senate to Lead on Surveillance Reform

Date: 
Friday, May 23, 2014 - 09:23

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) urges the U.S. Senate to address serious shortcomings in the version of the USA FREEDOM Act (H.R. 3361) passed by the House. The bill that passed the House, despite making important progress, contains provisions that could codify continuing the collection of mass amounts of user data. GNI welcomed the introduction of the USA FREEDOM Act in the House and Senate last year. We urge the Senate to improve upon this version, so as to end bulk collection, protect user privacy rights around the world, and continue to increase the transparency of government surveillance practices.

Russian Internet Legislation Threatens Online Rights

Date: 
Friday, April 25, 2014 - 15:11

The Global Network Initiative urges Russian President Vladimir Putin to veto legislation that would restrict free expression and privacy rights online. 

The "Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information" amendment adopted by the Duma Tuesday, will go into effect in August if approved by President Putin. The legislation imposes stringent requirements on bloggers, requiring them to register with the authorities and face similar regulations to mass media. The amendment also reportedly requires Internet companies to locate customer data in Russia, where it can be accessed by state security and intelligence services. 

GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens said, “This is a steep decline on an already slippery slope. If one state controls and censors dissent in this way, then others will sure follow all too quickly. The Internet is founded on freedom of thought and data: not locking it away in a gilded cage with only the Securitate having the keys.” 

GNI previously warned against Russian legislation passed in 2012 said to be intended to block access to content harmful to children or extremist, a law that has been perverted for use during the past year to block political speech. Google reported a 125% increase in content removal requests from Russia in their most recent transparency report. Extensive blocking of independent news websites was reported in March 2014.

Alternative means of addressing legitimate law enforcement and national security concerns should be used that would also protect privacy and free expression. Rather than imposing onerous data retention and local storage requirements, governments should work together to improve the frameworks governing lawful requests for data across jurisdictions, such as Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs).

Op-Ed: The UK's Response to Snowden's Revelations Lets Putin Off the Hook

Date: 
Monday, April 21, 2014 - 11:15

This piece by GNI Independent Chair Mark Stephens originally appeared in The Guardian:

"Our intelligence efforts are strictly regulated by our law," responded Vladimir Putin to a question from Edward Snowden live on Russia Today. He added: "We don't have a mass system of such interception, and according to our law, it cannot exist." The Russian president may as well have been reading from a UK script.

Earlier this month, David Cameron welcomed a new report by the UK's lickspittle surveillance watchdog assuring us that our surveillance laws remain fit for purpose, contrary to Snowden's disclosures. The report, by the interceptions of communications commissioner, Sir Anthony May, says UK agencies do not "engage in random mass intrusion into the public affairs of law abiding UK citizens", noting that "it would be comprehensively illegal if they did".

The report exemplifies the ways in which the UK response to the Snowden revelations is providing a worrying precedent for Putin and other autocrats, and has been incommensurate to the scope and scale of the problem at hand.

Read the full article at The Guardian Comment is Free.

GNI Submits Comments to UN on Privacy in the Digital Age

Date: 
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 08:09

The Global Network Initiative welcomes the opportunity to provide input for the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights being prepared as requested in General Assembly Resolution 68/167 entitled “The right to privacy in the digital age.” This submission expands on GNI’s February 24 letter to the High Commissioner on this topic.

GNI brings together ICT companies with civil society organizations, investors, and academics to forge a common approach to protecting and advancing free expression and privacy online. GNI has developed a set of principles and implementation guidelines to guide responsible company, government and civil society action when facing requests from governments around the world that could impact the freedom of expression and privacy rights of users. 

This submission offers specific recommendations to inform the High Commissioner’s report based on the experience and perspectives of GNI’s multi-stakeholder membership. We recommend the report include the following specific points:

  • Bulk collection of communications data—both content and metadata—threatens privacy and freedom of expression rights.
  • Rather than bulk collection, government surveillance should be particularized, with independent judicial oversight. 
  • Governments that exercise “virtual control” over the digital communications of foreigners have an obligation to respect their privacy rights under the International Covenant on Civil and political Rights (ICCPR). 
  • The GNI principles and guidelines provide specific measures that can be taken by companies to respect privacy and free expression rights when facing requests by governments for access to data.
  • Increased transparency by governments and companies is a key building block to ensure that communications surveillance regimes are consistent with human rights standards.
  • Governments and companies should be as specific as possible with their users and the general public about the legal limitations on disclosing surveillance practices.
  • Governments should commit to more specific areas of increased transparency based on consultation with other stakeholders.

Read the full submission.

Bulk Webcam Collection Neither Necessary Nor Proportionate

Date: 
Friday, February 28, 2014 - 10:42

The Global Network Initiative is deeply alarmed by reports that the UK intelligence agency, GCHQ, has intercepted millions of Yahoo! webcam images.

In response, GNI Executive Director Susan Morgan said: “This is a truly shocking example of the urgent need to reform global government surveillance practices. It is hard to imagine how the mass collection of millions of images of webcam users could be considered necessary or proportionate. GNI supports reforms that would protect the privacy rights of people from all countries and end the bulk collection of communications data in the UK, the US, and around the world.”

GNI Writes to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on Privacy in the Digital Age

Date: 
Monday, February 24, 2014 - 12:12

The Global Network Initiative has written to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the occasion of an expert seminar on the right to privacy in the digital age organized by the Permanent Missions of Austria, Brasil, Germany, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Norway, and Switzerland to the UN in Geneva:

February 24, 2014

Ms. Navanethem Pillay
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Palais Wilson, 52 rue des Pâquis
CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland
Fax: +41 (0)22 917 9008

CC: Permanent Missions of Austria, Brazil, Germany, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Norway, and Switzerland to the United Nations in Geneva 

Re: National security surveillance and protecting privacy in the digital age 

Dear High Commissioner:  

The report requested by the UN General Assembly on the right to privacy in the context of domestic and extraterritorial surveillance, interception of digital communications, and the mass collection of personal data offers a unique opportunity to ground the emerging global debate on these issues in a framework of international human rights law. 

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) brings together ICT companies with civil society organizations, investors, and academics to forge a common approach to protecting and advancing free expression and privacy online. On the occasion of the expert seminar organized with the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, we write to share initial views and recommendations regarding the substance and process of this report. 

Substantive Recommendations

GNI recommends that the High Commissioner include the following issues in her report:

Extraterritorial privacy rights

International human rights law sets standards that protect the freedom of expression and privacy rights of users from all countries. GNI has urged the United States to recognize the right to privacy of non-U.S. persons and to strengthen reforms to effectively protect this right. We urge other governments to do the same, and the High Commissioner’s report provides an opportunity to set forth best practices from legal frameworks around the world that should be adopted by all governments. 

Bulk collection of communications content and metadata

Bulk collection of communications data —both content and metadata—threatens privacy and freedom of expression rights and undermines trust in the security of electronic communications services provided by companies. This includes bulk collection by governments, and mandates to companies or other third parties to store data that they would otherwise not retain.

Responsibilities of governments and businesses to protect and respect privacy

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights define the respective roles of the public and private sector as the state duty to protect and the corporate responsibility to respect human rights. Companies should engage in human rights due diligence to “know and show” that they are addressing potential human rights impacts. The GNI Principles provide focused guidance on how ICT companies can respond to government requests implicating privacy in ways that respect the rights of users, backed by the independent assessment of company implementation. However, the first assessments of our founding companies Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo have pointed to the difficulties that can arise when governments impose secrecy requirements on companies who receive national security surveillance requests, limiting their ability to be transparent about the steps they take to minimize risks to the privacy of their users. 

Transparency

Transparency reforms are a necessary first steps in examining whether domestic laws adequately protect rights to privacy and freedom of expression. The report should identify increased transparency by governments and companies as a key building block to ensure that communications surveillance regimes are consistent with human rights standards. 

Procedural Recommendations

Broad-based consultation

We recommend that the High Commissioner first develop a broadly inclusive process of consultation and engagement to inform the development of the report. There have been a plethora of high-level commissions, panels, and gatherings seeking to address Internet governance following the national security surveillance revelations of 2013, but none possess the global legitimacy of the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council. We therefore urge the High Commissioner to consult both with governments — particularly the intelligence and security agencies that conduct surveillance, as well as a wide array of non-governmental voices, including civil society and the private sector.  

Special Rapporteur on the right to privacy in the digital age

Given the urgency and complexity of this topic, we recommend that a Special Rapporteur on  the right to privacy in the digital age be established with a mandate to address this issue holistically. Although Special Rapporteurs on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Frank La Rue, and on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism, Ben Emmerson, have addressed these issues in reports and briefings, the gravity and pervasiveness of concerns regarding this issue demand sustained attention at the global level. Reporting by a special rapporteur on privacy could highlight specific areas of concern and best practices at the national level and help lay the groundwork for future international action on this topic. 

Sincerely yours, 

Jermyn Brooks 
Independent Chair 
Global Network Initiative 

Susan Morgan 
Executive Director 
Global Network Initiative

Turkish Internet Legislation Threatens Free Expression and Privacy Rights

Date: 
Wednesday, January 22, 2014 - 11:45

Update: Turkey’s parliament passed the legislation on Wednesday February 5, 2014. GNI urges Turkish President Abdullah Gül to veto the bill.

The Global Network Initiative is greatly concerned by legislation under consideration in Turkey that if passed, would loosen already troubling standards for blocking of online content and require Internet service providers (ISPs) to retain information about users' online activity

The legislation would amend Turkey’s Law 5651 on the Regulation of Broadcasts via Internet and Prevention of Crimes Committed through Such Broadcasts. In December 2012, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the existing law violates the right to freedom of expression under Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The amendments, however, would worsen the law’s impact on rights to free expression and privacy by weakening judicial oversight and due process for decisions on content removal and opening the door to even greater censorship online. The amendments also dramatically increase the obligations on ISPs to retain information about their customers’ online activities, and force ISPs to join a state controlled association.

On January 14 the Turkish Parliament’s planning and budget committee approved the proposed amendments, which are due to be considered by the full Parliament before the end of the month. Turkish police used tear gas and water cannons against protests over the law held in Istanbul and Ankara last week.

GNI urges the Turkish parliament to review the proposed amendments and remove those that are inconsistent with international legal standards regarding free expression and privacy rights.

GNI is a multi-stakeholder group of companies, civil society organizations (including human rights and press freedom groups), investors and academics, who have created a collaborative approach to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector. GNI provides resources for ICT companies to help them address difficult issues related to freedom of expression and privacy that they may face anywhere in the world. GNI has created a framework of principles and a confidential, collaborative approach to working through challenges of corporate responsibility in the ICT sector.

Pages

All articles and releases related to Intermediary Liability.

Interactive Slideshow Explores Impact of India's Internet Laws

The Global Network Initiative and the Internet and Mobile Association of India are working together to explain how India’s Internet and technology laws holding back economic innovation and freedom of expression.
Date: 
Thu, 07/17/2014 - 00:01

Report: Strengthening Protections for Online Platforms Could Add Billions to India’s GDP

The Global Network Initiative today released a report prepared by Copenhagen Economics, which found that online platforms that support user-generated content can become an important part of India’s Internet economy.

Date: 
Tue, 03/25/2014 - 00:01

GNI Responds to European Commission Consultations

The Global Network Initiative has submitted comments to the European Commission on two recent consultations relevant to freedom of expression and privacy in the ICT sector.

Date: 
Wed, 10/10/2012 - 10:05

Wall Street Journal Asia Op-Ed: "Thailand Stifles the Internet"

This op-ed by GNI Independent Chair Jermyn Brooks originally appeared in the Wall Street Journal Asia.

Date: 
Thu, 06/07/2012 (All day)

GNI Statement on Thai Court Conviction

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is troubled by the conviction of Chiranuch Premchaiporn, webmaster of the online forum Prachathai, under Thailand’s Computer Crimes Act for not moving quickly enough to remove content posted by users.

Date: 
Thu, 05/31/2012 - 10:01

Global Network Initiative Concerned by Government of Vietnam’s Proposed Internet Decree

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is deeply concerned by the free speech and privacy implications of the Government of Vietnam’s Draft Decree on Internet Services.

Date: 
Wed, 05/23/2012 - 14:26

GNI Statement on Protecting Intellectual Property and Upholding Free Expression and Innovation Online

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) welcomes the decision by Congressional leaders to postpone immediate consideration of proposed intellectual property legislation in the Senate and House of Representatives. GNI supports the goal of protecting intellectual property online, but we firmly believe that the approach used in the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and Protect-IP (PIPA) is flawed and poses an unacceptable threat to global online freedom of expression and innovation.

Date: 
Fri, 01/20/2012 - 17:33

Open Letter on Freedom of Expression, Intellectual Property and H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act

On 15 November 2011, GNI wrote to the Committee on the Judiciary of the U.S. House of Representatives about freedom of expression, intellectual property and H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act. The text of the letter is below.

Dear Chairman Smith and Ranking Member Conyers,
 

Date: 
Tue, 11/15/2011 - 17:16

GNI at the Silicon Valley Human Rights Conference

As entrepreneurs, engineers, and activists gathered in San Francisco, California for the inaugural Silicon Valley Human Rights Conference on October 25-26, 2011, the work of the Global Network Initiative was “at the center of debate” according to Politico, and repeatedly highlighted as a crucial component of wider efforts to manage the human rights implications of new technologies.

Date: 
Fri, 10/28/2011 - 17:02

Pages

GNI Submits Comments to UN on Privacy in the Digital Age

GNI provides input for the report of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on “The right to privacy in the digital age.”
Date: 
Wed, 04/02/2014 - 08:09

GNI Writes to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on Privacy in the Digital Age

The Global Network Initiative has written to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the occasion of an expert seminar on the right to privacy in the digital age organized by the Permanent Missions of Austria, Brasil, Germany, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Norway, and Switzerland to the UN in Geneva.

Date: 
Mon, 02/24/2014 - 12:12

GNI at the Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia

The Global Network Initiative will participate in the 2013 Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia.

Date: 
Wed, 10/16/2013 - 13:43

The Open Internet After Dubai: Strengths and Vulnerabilities, Opportunities and Threats

This past week in Dubai, governments from around the world attempted to use an international telecommunications treaty to increase government control over the Internet in ways harmful to online free expression and privacy.

Date: 
Tue, 12/18/2012 - 08:45

International Herald Tribune Op-Ed: "Hands Off the Internet!"

A chorus of human rights groups, diplomats, companies and technologists has achieved something remarkable. They are shining a media spotlight on the most boring international conference you have never heard of: an obscure gathering of governments called the World Conference on International Telecommunications, or W.C.I.T.

Date: 
Thu, 12/06/2012 - 11:32

Corporate Responsibility and Global Internet Governance

This December in Dubai, world governments will gather to renegotiate a key treaty under the auspices of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a UN agency that specializes in global telecommunications.

Date: 
Tue, 10/02/2012 - 08:00

Global Network Initiative Welcomes UN Human Rights Council Resolution on Human Rights on the Internet

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) welcomes the UN Human Rights Council Resolution on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet adopted on July 6, 2012. At a time of great debate regarding the role of governments, companies, and other stakeholders on Internet governance, it is important that a UN body has affirmed by consensus that the same rights that people have offline, particularly freedom of expression, also apply online.

Date: 
Fri, 07/06/2012 - 10:39

The Multi-stakeholder Model of Internet Governance Needs to be Retained

The Global Network Initiative urges the retention of the multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance as global policy forums create policy for the future. Several important decisions are to be made around Internet governance in the coming year.

Date: 
Fri, 06/22/2012 - 04:22

GNI's Submission to the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights

The Global Network Initiative submitted the following letter to the UN Working Group on business and human rights. Our submission and that of other stakeholders can also be viewed on their website.

Date: 
Thu, 01/12/2012 - 17:31

GNI announces workshop at IGF 2011 in Nairobi

The Global Network Initiative is pleased to announce it will be hosting a workshop at the 6th Annual Internet Governance Forum 2011, held September 27th-30th at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. GNI would like to welcome all those interested to attend the workshop, entitled "The Business of Human Rights: Corporate Responsibility and ICTs".

This workshop will discuss:

Date: 
Wed, 09/07/2011 - 16:15

Pages

All articles assessing the human rights impacts of issues addressed by GNI.

Video: Mark Stephens on the 'Right to Be Forgotten' Ruling

Date: 
Fri, 05/30/2014 - 14:59


GNI Board Chair Mark Stephens discusses the EU Court of Justice ruling on BBC World: 

EU Court ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ Ruling Threatens Freedom of Expression

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is deeply troubled by the risks to freedom of expression and access to information in the ruling by the Court of Justice of the European Union allowing individuals to compel search engines to remove links to unwanted information—even if that information is accurate, lawful, and publicly available elsewhere.

Date: 
Thu, 05/15/2014 - 11:38

Video: The Role of Human Rights Impact Assessments in Advancing Rights Online

Date: 
Mon, 04/28/2014 - 14:46


At the meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition in Tallinn, Estonia, GNI organized a session with the Telecommunications Industry Dialogue on Human Rights Impact Assessments in the ICT sector: 

Comments on European Commission draft ICT sector guidance on business and human rights

The Global Network Initiative welcomes the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry project to develop guidance on the corporate responsibility to respect human rights in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector.

Date: 
Thu, 02/14/2013 - 14:37

Facebook Gains Observer Status with the Global Network Initiative

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is pleased to announce that Facebook is the first company to gain observer status with GNI. Observer status is an opportunity for companies who are actively considering joining GNI to examine the initiative's programs as well as its principles on free expression and privacy.

Date: 
Thu, 05/03/2012 - 09:00

GNI Statement on the Global Online Freedom Act of 2011

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) supports the objective of legislation that would protect and advance rights to free expression and privacy online and provide increased transparency and accountability for information and communications technology (ICT) companies operating worldwide.
 
GNI member companies have made a public commitment to undertake human rights due diligence measures. We commend the authors of H.R. 3605, the Global Online Freedom Act of 2011, for requiring disclosure by companies about the human rights due diligence measures they undertake. 
Date: 
Wed, 03/28/2012 - 09:59

First Independent Assessments of GNI Founding Companies Completed

The three founding Global Network Initiative (GNI) companies—Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo!—have undergone the first independent assessments to determine how they are implementing their GNI commitments so far. This was the world's first independent assessment of corporate policies and procedures in the Information & Communications Technology (ICT) industry to address freedom of expression and privacy rights.
 
Date: 
Tue, 03/06/2012 - 09:49

GNI Statement in Response to Violence in London

In his response to the violent unrest in the UK over the past week, UK Prime Minister David Cameron said the government is considering whether it would be right to place limits on social media access in certain cases. While criminality and violence deserve condemnation and prosecution under the full extent of the law, the Global Network Initiative (GNI) urges the British government to consider the domestic and global ramifications for civil liberties and human rights as it develops specific proposals. 

Date: 
Thu, 08/11/2011 - 17:08

GNI statement on UN Work on the Human Right of Freedom of Expression

On the 28th of July, the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations approved a new “General Comment” of Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, giving clear guidance on the legitimate restrictions on freedom of expression that states can make.

Date: 
Fri, 08/05/2011 - 16:00

Statement of the Global Network Initiative on the OECD’s update of the Revised Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

The Global Network Initiative welcomes the reference to human rights and Internet freedom in the OECD's recent update of the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
 
These guidelines are indicative of a broad international consensus on key aspects of the ongoing effort to ensure protection for fundamental rights and recognize that collaboration between different stakeholders can strengthen efforts to protect these rights.
 

Date: 
Tue, 06/14/2011 - 13:00

Pages

Subscribe to Human Rights Impact Assessment